6 years ago
God says in the Holy Quran what means:
According to the above-mentioned verse, Muslims are required to abide by whatever agreement they held with non-Muslims including enemies. In Islam, violating or breaching any agreement or promise is considered a sign of hypocrisy which is very abhorrent in Islam.
Guided by the guidelines of the Holy Quran, the Prophet Muhammad and his companions held peaceful agreements with non-Muslim nations and there is no one single report that they violated these agreements.
The first written constitution of a State ever promulgated by a sovereign in human history emanated from the Prophet of Islam. It was enacted from the first year of Hijrah (622 CE). The treaty stipulated a city state in Medina, allowing wide autonomy to communities. Private Justice was to be banished. The head of the State had the prerogative to decide who should participate in an expedition, the war and peace being indivisible. Social insurance was to be instituted.
The following treaty shows to what extent Prophet Muhammad was keen on holding peaceful treaties with the others and even he never violates any treaty.
Whatever difference or dispute between the parties to this covenant remains unsolved shall be referred to Allah and to Muhammad, the Messenger of Allah. Allah is the Guarantor of the piety and goodness that is embodied in this covenant. Neither the Quraysh nor their allies shall be given any protection.